Eight common methods of household kitchen disinfection

19-03-2021

1. Boiling disinfection method


It is suitable for cotton cloth such as towels, certain children's toys, food utensils, etc. Boiling can coagulate and denature the protein of bacteria, and it usually takes 15-20 minutes. At the same time, the boiling water must cover the items being cooked. This method is simple and safe.


2. Rinse soak disinfection method


Wash your hands frequently with running water and soap, especially before eating, after going to the toilet, and after touching contaminated items. For items that are not suitable for high-temperature boiling, 0.5% peracetic acid can be soaked for 0.5 to 1 hour, or 5% bleach supernatant (after bleach precipitation, the above clear water) can be soaked for 30-60 minutes, or 500 mg of available chlorine can be used. Soak a liter of detergent for 5-10 minutes, then rinse off with clean water. Sterilized items should be completely immersed during immersion. Some chemical fiber fabrics and silks can only be disinfected by chemical soaking.


3. Vinegar disinfection method


Vinegar contains many ingredients such as acetic acid, which has a certain sterilization ability and can be used for household indoor air disinfection. For a room of about 10 square meters, you can use 100g-150g of vinegar, add water twice, put it in a porcelain bowl and steam slowly for 30 minutes, and close the doors and windows when fumigating.


4. Bleaching powder disinfection method


Bleaching powder can inactivate the enzymes in the bacteria and cause them to die. Tables, chairs, beds, floors, etc., can be wiped and disinfected with 1%-3% bleach supernatant.


5. Alcohol disinfection


Alcohol can denature and coagulate the protein of bacteria. 75% alcohol is commonly used to disinfect the skin, or soak utensils for 30 minutes to disinfect.


6. Sunlight disinfection


Sunlight contains ultraviolet rays and infrared rays, which can meet the general disinfection requirements after 3-6 hours of exposure. Bedding, clothes, etc. can be exposed to the sun.


7. Air cleaning method


Keep the indoor air fresh and open windows for ventilation, especially in winter. Each time it is opened for 10-30 minutes, the concentration of indoor bacteria can be reduced.


8. Pharmaceutical disinfection method


Eliminate and kill pathogenic microorganisms by soaking, washing, spraying, etc. Pharmaceutical disinfection has the characteristics of thorough sterilization, fast speed, and convenient use. It is one of the most commonly used disinfection methods in family life.


In order to achieve the desired effect of household disinfection, it is also necessary to pay attention to the concentration and time requirements of the disinfectant, because various pathogens have different resistance to disinfection methods, so they should be selected according to the specific conditions.



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